The end users of our activities are the poorest of the poor living in Wayanad district. We have been contributing since 1997 to the Kerala state’s efforts in poverty reduction in the most vulnerable locations of the district. Wayanad district is one of the 100 most backward districts of India. The district with an area of 2136 sq. km has a human population of 7, 80,167(Census Report 2001). The Hindu population is 392141, Muslims 209758, Christians 175495 and others constitute 3225. Scheduled caste population in the district is 33364 and the Scheduled Tribe (ST) is 136062. Wayanad tops first in the state in having the largest number of tribal population (37.46%). Nearly 17% of the total population of the district is ST. The ST community comprises culturally and socially distinct communities such as Paniya, Kattu Naikka, Uralies, Adiya, Kurichia, and Kuruma in Kerala. These are the communities whose men, women and children whom we aim to benefit socially and economically by our interventions.
The livelihood of large majority of the tribal people of the district is connected to agriculture and forestry. The tribal communities like Kurichia, and Kuruma are marginal cultivators, Kattunaikka are traditionally forest dwellers and Paniya are agriculture labourers. A sizable population of them belongs to the lower level of poverty line, mostly of land less agricultural laborers. The demographic details of the district are given in table 1. According to the District level data, in 2007 there was a total of 173529 BPL card holders in the district, of which a large majority belonging to tribal community, mostly Paniya, Adiya and Kattunaikka. Landlessness and land alienation, poor basic amenities, drinking water, sanitary facilities and food security are the burning issues of the district with regard to the development of tribal people.