About Garden

The Garden is in about 10 ha of land, and has 10 major zones and 6 minor components that are under development with diverse representative species of tropical flora (see table below). All these components are in continuous growth. Differing from the conventional concept of Botanical Gardens, MSSBG gives equal priority to wild, natural and cultivated traditional and horticultural species and varieties of plants. The Garden pays special attention to conservation of Rare, Endemic and Threatened (RET) species of southern Western Ghats. A total of 2,033 live plant species have now been conserved in the Garden, of which 512 are endemic to Western Ghats and 579 falling under IUCN’s threatened plant species category. A Germplasm plot with 13 wild and 14 traditional varieties of Dioscorea, 12 species/ varieties of seed legumes, 4 traditional varieties and 3 wild species of Colocasia, 2 species of wild Amorphophallus, 3 varieties of sweet potato, 2 varieties of Canna, 2 varieties of arrowroot are conserved ex situ at the Centre. This germplasm plot is an outcome of an earlier ethno botanical study conducted by CAbC that revealed information on over 300 different wild foods and their management aspects. A Museum collection of specimens of local rice landraces, Non Wood Forest produces and mushrooms are also form the part of the Garden, which gives a historical account of changing priorities of crops and plants species in the livelihoods of local communities.