For achieving the sustainable agricultural and rural development, the Centre has adopted an integrated version of eco-centric and anthropocentric approaches in conservation. The 4C framework that was evolved over a period of two decades giving emphasis on mutually interlinked aspects like (1) conservation, (2) cultivation, (3) consumption and (4) commerce.

Conservation

In the areas of conservation we promote in situ, in situ on farm, ex situ, ex-situ on farm and community conservation strategies. The Centre gives priority to plant genetic resources like landraces of rice, vegetable crops, roots and tubers; wild edible plants; and rare, endemic & threatened species. Community Gene banks, seed villages, re-introduction of plants in their original habitats, establishment of botanical gardens and tree groves are some of the important strategies adopted to conserve the plant genetic wealth.

Cultivation

The Centre works to popularize cultivation practices that synergize the principles of ecology and economics. This is done mainly through demonstration of innovative practices, revitalizing farming traditions and capacity building of farm families in conservation oriented farming practices.

Consumption

By integrating the concepts of fairness and equity, the Centre work with local farming communities to ensure diverse crops and plants for satisfying multiple needs like food, medicine, raw materials, etc. This is done mainly through popularizing diversity of crops/plants, disseminating knowledge about the importance and value of crops/plants, and through promotion of homestead farming for ensuring food and nutrition security at household level.

Commerce

The Centre explores market instruments for promoting conservation/cultivation/consumption of local landraces and other plants of commercial or consumption value. The Centre in partnership with local communities has been working towards developing market for neglected and under-utilized crops and plants.